giro culture

giro culture
   With the increase of joblessness in the early 1980s, the giro, an abbreviation for the girocheque method of welfare payment, became an icon of solidarity. Giro recipients maximized available resources. Leisure centres, cinemas and clubs offered discounts. The black and grey markets flourished, in both goods and jobs. With the 1990s, college and job creation schemes became vehicles to massage statistics, while maintaining poverty. Homelessness found a voice in the periodical The Big Issue. Alan Bleasdale’s celebrated drama The Boys from the Blackstuff and the novels of James Kelman and Irvine Welsh offer portrayals of life on the dole. Punk rock and some later music, notably that of the Red Wedge confederation, displayed a politicization of the giro culture mentality.
   See also: poverty, families and

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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